Tuesday, Apr 25, 2017
The End of Saul's Reign and the Beginning of David's
Passage: 1 Samuel 30-31
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I Samuel 30-31

The End of Saul’s Reign & the Beginning of David’s

  1. David Defeats the Amalekites Chapter 30
  2. Israel is defeated; Saul killed Chapter 31; I Chronicles 10
  3. Summary I Samuel

I Samuel is the book of man’s king.  At Israel’s request, God gave them the man Saul.  But what followed was his decline, defeat & death.

II Samuel is about God’s king: David & u will see how God makes a mighty king out of a shepherd boy

In I Samuel, we’ve seen David emerge as a military leader.  But more than that….we’ve watched his heart after God…..

David & his men have been turned away by the Philistine commanders & told to go back to Ziklag

  1.  David Defeats the Amalekites Chapter 30

v. 30:1-6 David & his men find Ziklag torched & their families gone

David is described as  “greatly distressed” ….a verb that means pressed into a tight corner, like a potter presses clay into a mold.

David really has no one who supports him.  His family is gone.  His men R beside themselves w/grief & looking for a scapegoat….That would b David….

David….strengthens himself in the LORD

Is that what you do when U r pressed like clay into a mold?

How did David strengthen himself in the LORD?

  1. The providence of God is a precious expression of His love
  2. David clings to God’s promise of his kingship
  3. David strengthened himself in the PERSON of the LORD V. 7 The LORD….HIS GOD
  4. David knows God personally & God knew him

Nahum 1:7 “The Lord is good, a stronghold in the day of trouble; He knows those who take refuge in Him”

  1.  David knows God to be The God of His Word

Sometimes, it takes really DOWN times to look UP

v. 30:7-10  David inquires of the Lord

Since the time Christ opened the door to the Throne of God, believers have access thru Christ Jesus

Hebrews 4:14-16  Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has ascended into heaven, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold firmly to the faith we profess. 15For we do not have a high priest who is unable to empathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet he did not sin. 16Let us then approach God’s throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.

I Timothy 2:5  For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus

v. 30:11-15 Egyptian slave who escaped is convinced to be a guide

v. 30:16-20 David Defeats the Amalekites

v. 30:21-25 The 200 men R denied spoils of war until David intervened

v. 30:26-31 David divides the spoils

Principle:  It was The LORD, not the fighters Who deserved credit for the victory…it was the LORD!

The victory was GIVEN to them by the LORD. 

All things R from the LORD & don’t belong to us anyway…so generosity/grace is the key.


  1.  Israel is defeated; Saul killed Chapter 31; I Chronicles 10

v. 31:1-7; I Chr 10:1-6 Jonathan & Saul killed in battle

God’s Honor is slandered/defiled


Davis recounts the story of Esther Burr, daughter of Jonathan Edwards.  Her husband Aaron Burr had been president of Princeton before he died at age 41

She wrote to her parents:  O, I am afraid I will conduct myself as to bring dishonor on my  God & the religion I profess!
No, rather let me die this moment, than be left to bring dishonor on God’s holy Name”

There’s a woman who knows what our conduct should reflect

The idea that our behavior or speech would bring dishonor or reproach on the Name of Christ should strike us w/holy fear.

May it never be!

v. 31:8-10; I Chronicles 10:8-10 Philistines abuse body of Saul

v. 31:11-13; I Chronicles 10:11-13 Men of Jabesh-Gilead take Saul’s body from Philistines & bury him

They had never forgotten that Saul had rescued them from Philistines in I Samuel 11


  1.  Summary of I Samuel

The content of I Samuel presents a stark contrast between men.  Samuel, David, Jonathan R men of God, in contrast to Saul.  He started out well!  But here’s how he ended

I Chr 10:13-14  So Saul died for his breach of faith. He broke faith with the Lord in that he did not keep the command of the Lord, and also consulted a medium, seeking guidance. 14 He did not seek guidance from the Lord. Therefore the Lord put him to death and turned the kingdom over to David the son of Jesse.



When faced with crisis, hurt or sorrow, believers strengthen themselves in the Lord with prayer & His Word.

In every difficulty (including those of our own making), God will help us if we turn to Him in humility (Chapters 29, 30)


When U r richly blessed by God, remember those who you can bless.


We R to have a heart after God’s own Heart, regardless of the circumstances.


God is faithful to perform His promises.


We are commanded to respect & submit to the authorities God has placed.

Those who govern R placed in their position of authority by God.



God’s providence is not limited. 


God works thru people & circumstances to perform His purposes


Questions for Discussion:

  1.  What stands out to you during the time of David’s exile?
  2.  As you have observed David’s reactions to the challenges he faced,

what lesson did you learn for your difficulties in life?

What principle can you take for your own life?

  1.  What attribute of God is most precious to you in facing challenges in life?
  2. What does it mean to be a woman after God’s heart?
  3. Why does God forbid consulting mediums/spiritists/the occult?
  4. What has God taught the Israelites?  Trust/obey His Word
  5. We saw examples of Heb 6:10-12 10 For God is not unjust so as to overlook your work and the love that you have shown for his name in serving the saints, as you still do. 11 And we desire each one of you to show the same earnestness to have the full assurance of hope until the end, 12 so that you may not be sluggish, but imitators of those who through faith and patience inherit the promises.

Who were some of those who exhibited faith & patience?

---Hannah---Samuel ---David ---Jonathan

George Matheson called Jon a “rainbow in the storm.”

Jonathan—eg of true friendship:  honest, loving, sacrificing, selfless, seeking welfare of David & his own family, brought hope & encouragement when the situation was difficult.  “B faithful unto death, & I will give to you the crown of life (Rev 2:10)

  1. If someone were to ask you….I Samuel?  What’s that about?  What would be your summary?